Monday, May 7, 2012

Maha Buddhavamsa - Venerable Sayadaw U Budh Note

Maha Buddhavamsa
The Great Chronicle of The Buddhas
by Tipitakadhara Mingun Sayadaw

Venerable Sayadaw U Budh Note

When we look at Mahàsamaya Sutta as a whole, we
find that the sermon was delivered with an emphasis
on the nomenclature of the gods and Brahmas, with the name
family and tribe, and the questions asked:
The absence of an explanation of the highest truth, how
the gods and Brahmas can penetrate the Four Noble Truths
and achieve Liberation (attained sanctity level Sotapanna,

and so on) just to hear the name of family and tribe
of them?
The answer is: (1) Tathagata realizes that by
listening Mahàsamaya Sutta, the mind of the gods and Brahma
can become serene, soft, free of obstacles, clear,
and happy, and once the condition is reached, the Tathagata will
expounded the Four Noble Truths which he had discovered.
After listening to the sermon on the Four Noble Truths,
the gods and Brahma will become Ariya. (2) In other words,
by listening Mahàsamaya Sutta, will appear in the
inner gods and Brahma, the mind condition of continuously
one by one, the first is the cause of
the next condition, which can develop a rapture,
piti; peace, passaddhi; happiness, sukha; concentration,
samadhi; knowledge according to reality or absolute knowledge,
Yathàbhutà Nana; weakening of lust, Viràga Nana; knowledge
liberating, Vimuccana Nana or knowledge of the Way,
Magga Nana; Knowledge of Liberation, Nana Vimutti
or knowledge of the fruit, Phala Nana; Clear view
arising from the knowledge of the Liberation, Vimutti
Nànadassana or Paccavekkhanà Nana. The growing conditions
mental conditions in a sequence that causes the gods
and Brahma become Ariya. In providing explanatory notes
This, Venerable Sayadaw U Budh quoting commentaries

Mahàsamaya Sutta Upheld by the Gods and

Mahàsamaya Sutta really upheld by the
celestial beings. Therefore a wise man who
expect the welfare and prosperity of the world and
supramundane should read this sutta in the
important events such as the construction and placement of the house
or a new vihara, or to move.
(If you wonder why Mahàsamaya Sutta is upheld

high by the gods and Brahma, we know that) Tathagata
is a leader in Grand Meeting, attended by
various creatures from the lowest god realm to the
supreme, Brahma Harita. Mahàsamaya Sutta, is actually
the opening words of the Buddha in his capacity as
leaders in that Grand meeting.
Grand Meeting was attended by three groups of creatures
heavenly; group of high status, medium, and low.
With attendees coming from different social status,
it is more prudent if the leaders of interest
members who come from low-status group
to mention their presence at the meeting,
followed by mentioning the middle class, and the last
is a high-status groups. If the gods of high-status
introduced first by family name
and his tribe would cause displeasure and not
satisfaction for those who are lower status.
Therefore, the Tathagata decided to name
the low status of gods, like the gods of the earth, in
the beginning of his speech, followed by recognizing the presence of the
medium-god status, and at the end of his speech he
give attention to the gods and Brahma of high status.
Thus the Tathagata please all audience groups,
they are happy because their low status welcomed
the first time while they with the status of higher are happy
because they were highlighted by called at the end that
important. Tathagata thus set an example that
well as guidelines for those who are responsible to
give a speech at a big meeting.
The fact mentioned earlier, all the gods from
that time was always expecting to hear Mahàsamaya
Sutta, when they wandered in the four corners of the universe.
The following is a story about how Mahàsamaya
Sutta upheld by the gods.

There is a cave known as 'Nàgalena' in the
Vihara Kotipabbata area. A heavenly angel dwells in
ironwood tree that stood at the gate of the cave. Some day
a young bhikkhu who dwells in the cave reads
Mahàsamaya Sutta and the goddess intently listened
that sutta reading. When the reading was finished, the goddess
say "Sadhu, sadhu 'out loud and then
a conversation between the young bhikkhu with the goddess:
(Question): Who says 'Sadhu'?
(Answer): Venerable, I say it, a goddess.
(P): Why do you say 'Sadhu'?
(A): Because, I'm lucky to be able to listen to Mahàsamaya Sutta
 first when Buddha preach it in the Forest
and the second time today. I know that you have been studying
Sutta that exactly taught by the Buddha, not
deviate one bit from the original even not a single letter
changed. (I say Sadhu because of that).
(P): Do you listen to what the Buddha preached
(J): Yes, Venerable.
(P): It is said that there occurred the Grand Meeting of the gods
and Brahma as Buddha read this Sutta. Where does the
you hear it?
(J): Venerable, I was dwelling in the Mahavana forest near
Kapilavatthu, but I did not get a place there because
all the gods and Brahmas which more powerful fulfill all
Jambudipa. I was forced to cross over to Sri Lanka, and
I tried to hear the sermon from the port in Jambukola,
the gods whose more powerful came and filled the place

again, once again I was pushed further back until I arrived
in a small village Rohana near Mahàgama where I stood
in the middle of the sea until the water reached my neck, I was finally there
can listen to the sermon.
(P): O Goddess, how can you see the Forest Mahavana
which are very far from your place then?
(J): Venerable, I did see the Buddha; as if the Buddha
looked at me from the Forest Mahavana while deliver that 
preaching, so, I feel scared and ashamed and want to hide
between the waves of the sea.
(P): It is said that one hundred thousand crore gods and Brahmas reached
Arahatta sanctity on that day (during Mahàsamaya Sutta expounded).
Are you also reach the Arahatta sanctity?
(A): No, Venerable.
(P): Then I think you have reached the level of fruit
(A): No, Venerable.
(P): Then I think you have reached the level of fruit
(A): No, Venerable.
(P): O Goddess, its mentioned that (by listening Mahàsamaya
Sutta countless amount of gods and Brahmas that
reach the lower three levels); I'm sure you must be
(J): (Because she has reached Sotapanna) the goddess feel ashame
and said, "Venerable, do not ask that questions
to me. "(she changed the subject).

The young bhikkhu then asked the goddess, 'Can you
show yourself to me? 'the goddess answered,' Venerable,
not the whole body, but only the tip of finger 'and after
 saying so, she thrust a finger into the lock,
shows the tip of his finger. The whole cave was later to be
brightly lit as if illuminated by thousands of the moon and
sun. (The Goddess did not show her whole body as
concerned about the dangers of temptation, which can destroy
the life of a hermit).
Then the goddess left the place after paying homage
and encourage the young bhikkhu in order not negligent in its
train the monastic rules.
Thus Mahàsamaya Sutta is very upheld by the
gods and Brahmas.

Preaching to Fit Tendencies of The Listener

Having expounded Mahàsamaya Sutta, Tathagata continued
to expound to the meeting, the following suttas
according to the different realm of the gods and
(1) Samma paribbàjaniya Sutta spoken to the gods and
Brahma who has a tendency to lust, raga (which
expounded by conversation between nimmita Buddha with
Buddha himself). One hundred thousand gods and Brahmas reached
Arahatta purity at the end of the sermon and uncountable
many gods and Brahma are attain to three levels
(2) Kalahavivàda Sutta spoken to the gods and Brahma
which has a tendency to hatred, dosa; the gods
and Brahma achieve liberation as before.
(3) Mahabyuha Sutta spoken to the gods and
Brahma who has a tendency to ignorance,

moha; the gods and Brahma achieve liberation like
(4) Cullabyuah Sutta spoken to those who have
tendency to picture of mind, vitakka, with the same
(5) Tuvattakapatipada Sutta expounded to them that
have a tendency to be confidence, Saddha (in the
Three Jewels), with similar results.
(6) Puràbheda Sutta spoken to those who have
tendency for wisdom, panna, in a same way
and with the same results.
(The explanation of each of the six Sutta can be
refer to the book of Pali Sutta Nipata Myanmar version and
in particular, the manuscript entitled 'Explanation Mahàsamaya Sutta
in Pali language and meaning word for word 'by Venerable
Bhadanta Nandiya, a Thera who settled in the Vihara


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