The Great Chronicle of The Buddhas
by Tipitakadhara Mingun Sayadaw
Sermon On Acts of Bodhisatta Brahmana Sankha
After a two weeks stay in the city of Vesali, Tathagata told
Licchavi princes, 'We will soon go' and say
goodbye. The Licchavi saluted with two times more
than of which are given by King Bimbisara and in three days
they deliver Tathagata to the banks of the Ganga River.
The naga god in the region agree with the saying, "Man
pay homage to the Tathagata in excessive way and
why do not we do that?; we must do
the same. "They created a golden boat, silver boat, and
emerald boat complete with a throne of gold, silver throne,
and emerald throne, then cover the entire surface
Ganga river with a blanket made from five types of
lotus. Then they approached the Tathagata and ask,
"Tathagata the Exalted, may satisfy us thanks
to Thy mercy for us? "
Tathagata fulfill their wishes and got into a boat that
created by the naga is decorated by a jewel, each
of five hundred monks boat also provided for
them one by one. Furthermore Raja Naga deliver Tathagata
with five hundred monks to the realm of nagas. Tathagata spend
preaches a sermon that night with a benefit to
the nagas. In the morning, a heavenly food offerings
to the Tathagata and the monks held massive
the naga king. Having preached the sermon as a tribute
the funds, the Tathagata left the realm of nagas.
The gods who rule the earth (Bhumma Deva) also agreed
and said, 'Man and the naga gave tribute
massively to the Tathagata, why do not we do
so? We must do the same thing. "They gave
with respect to Tathagata by establishing a beautiful umbrellas
across the hills, forests, and trees. Thus by
Similarly, offerings made up to the Brahma Realm
King Bimbisara, paid tribute to two times greater
from being performed by the Licchavis, delivering the Tathagata
towards the Vihara Veluvana, Rajagaha, traveling as
previously for five days.
Arriving at the monastery Veluvana, Rajagaha, the monks gather
in the main hall one evening to discuss problems
associated with meditation. Their discussions are often interrupted by
conversation as follows:
"Greatness of Tathagata is amazing. Land area in
here across the river Ganga is five yojanas and across
there are three Yojana, a total of eight yojanas; the soil surface
on both sides there are no bumps or holes.
Flat surface all over the place and sprinkled with white sand
Surface of the river Ganga, the width of one yojana is covered by a blanket
of five types of flowers. The whole area is decorated by umbrellas
white up to the Brahma Realm Akanitha. "their discussions about
meditation is often interrupted by the words of praise of the Tathagata.
Knowing what is going on, the Tathagata leave
His Kuti Harum and went and sat on the Dhammasala
that has been provided to him. Then he asked the
the monks. "Monks, what is the topic of your discussion this
time? "When they described the talks, the Tathagata
"Exceptional respect addressed to me not because
My splendor as the Buddha, nor is it due to the power of the naga,
gods, and Brahma. This is the result of small virtue
I did in the past. "
When the Tathagata give such directions, the monks
approached him and asked, "Blessed Bhagava, we do not
know little virtue conducted in the past.
The Great Buddha, we ask that we be enlightened so that
we find out completely. "Tathagata, then open the facts
by telling the following story:
"Bhikkhus, what happened in the past ... There is
a Brahmin in the Takkasila city named Sankha. He
had a son named Susima, sixteen years old.
One day Susima approached his father with great respect,
when his father asked, "Son, what's wrong with you?"
The boy replied, "O Father, I want to go to Bàrànasi to
learn. "His father said, 'Son, there is a Brahmin, a great
teacher at Bàrànasi . He was my friend since childhood; you came
to him and learn from him. "Then he gave
thousand pieces of money to his child as stock.
Susima pay homage to his parents and take
money was then to travel, he arrived in Bàrànasi
just in time. He approached the great teacher to full
respect and courtesy. He told the great teacher that
He is the son of Brahmana Sankha from Takkasila. The great teacher
greeted him warmly, saying, "So, you are
my friend's son. "
After resting, Susima came to the great teacher, and
hand over the money he was carrying, put it at the feet of the great
teacher, begged permission to take lessons from him. Permission
was granted. He studied hard and in a short time,
add everything into the source of his knowledge,
like a lion fat that precious stored in the gold
cup to be safe. Since he also has parami, he completed
lesson in just a few months instead of
twelve years as other children.
When Susima are studying the Vedas, he found that
the manuscript contains only the beginning and middle of the topics
discussed: the end is not found anywhere else. He asked
this to the great teacher, saying, 'O great teacher, this
Veda discusses only the beginning section and middle of the topics
discussed: the end is not there. 'great teacher recognizes that
he also can not find it. 'Susima then asked
to the great teacher, 'O great teacher, does anyone know
all on this topic from beginning to end? 'The great teacher
replied, 'My son Susima, the Pacceka Buddha that living
at Isipatana Forest, Migadāya may know about it. '"If
thus, allow me to go and see and ask
The Pacceka Buddhas on this subject "please Susima. The great teacher
give permission, saying, 'My son Susima, you
should go if you want it. '
Susima who have Parami gone to the Isipatana forest, Migadāya,
The Pacceka Buddhas approached respectfully and asked,
"Venerable, do You know (topic) in the Vedas are of
beginning to end? "They said," Yes, we know,
Susima lay students. "Then he begged," Please teach me
the end of this teaching is missing from the Vedas. "The Pacceka
Buddhas told him, "Lay Susima, you must
renounced and became a monk; not a person
who wasn't a monk that can learn them. "Susima
agreed and said, "Well, Venerable, I beg ordained
become monks; You can make me do anything
it takes as long as it helps in studying
the end of the Vedic knowledge. "He was ordained
become monks such petition and taught how
dressed properly, keeping the top edge
and under the cloak kept tidy. They can only teach
regulations do good, àbhisamàcarika Sila, and not
matters related to meditation, (because not like
The Buddhas that achieved Perfect Enlightenment, they
do not have the ability to give instructions regarding
how to practice Vipassana meditation).
The new monks Susima diligently implement àbhisamàcarika
Sila as instructed by the Pacceka Buddhas, he
have planted a lot of merit in the past that
establish conditions that support (upanissaya) in achieving
Pacceka Buddha Nana, and after practicing in a short time,
he became the Pacceka Buddha. He soon gained a good reputation
and reached the peak of glory and fame, he also has a
many pupils and followers. However, because of crime
he's ever done in the past, he did not live long and
died at a young age. His body was cremated by the
Pacceka Buddhas and Bàrànasi residents. The relics of his body
enshrined in a stupa near the city gates.
One day his father, the old brahmin Sankha think of his son,
"My son has been gone for quite a long time and there is no news at all
from him. "Then he left with the hope Takkasila
met with his son and finally arrived at the gates of the City
Bàrànasi. He saw many people gathered near the altar there;
and thought there might be someone there who knows
about her son, she approached him and asked, "Friend, there is a
young people who come to the named Susima Bàrànasi to learn;
maybe you know something about it. "
"Of course we know, the old Brahmin. Susima young children, after
gain complete knowledge of the Vedas from the teacher
in Bàrànasi, received ordination at the Pacceka Buddha,
and eventually become a Buddha through penetration Pacceka
Nana Pacceka Buddha. He has passed away now, reaching
Anupàdisesa Nibbana. This is the altar where his relic worshiped. "
Hearing the news that shook, the old Brahmin
that poor shed tears, cry, and
beat the ground with his hands many times.
Once satisfied mourn the death of his son, he entered into the
altar and pulled weeds, spread the white sand
which he took from around it by using a towel.
He poured the water from his jug all over the place to
prevent dust and then he collects as much as possible
wild flowers and present it at the altar. His towel
he changed into the form of banners and wrapped in
around the umbrella, then plugging it on the altar,
closely tied to the altar. Then he left that place.
After telling the story of the past, Tathagata connect
the story of the past with current events by saying:
"Monks, you would wonder who the Brahmana
Sankha in a story that was; you do not need to guess
about it. Brahmana Sankha was nothing more than Myself.
(1) I, which is a Bodhisatta, has been cleaned
area around the altar where the relics of Pacceka Buddha Susima
stored, by removing weeds, stumps,
etc., as a result of this virtue, the population
cleaning streets so that free of stumps
trees and paved roads throughout five yojana in this
side of the Ganga River and three yojana over there.
(2) I, the Bodhisatta, has been cast the white sands on
area around the altar of the Pacceka Buddha; as a result of
virtue of this, the resident spread on the white sand
along the path having a distance of eight yojanas.
(3) I, the Bodhisatta, has garnered as much as possible
wild flowers and present it at the altar. This
Virtue result, of gods and men to spread various types of
flowers to the land and rivers covering a distance of nine
(4) I, the Bodhisatta, splashing water from my jug on the altar of
Pacceka Buddha to prevent dust. As a result of
This virtue, Pokkharavassa rain (from the edge of the cloud
that size as lotus leaf) as I set foot on the Vesali
(5) I, the Bodhisatta, put up banners on the altar of Pacceka
Buddha and set up an umbrella on it. Result
of this virtue, banners installed along the road
up to the Brahma Realm Akanittha and white umbrellas
established throughout the region.
The monks, paying homage to me in a way that
remarkable because it was not my glory as a
Buddha, nor is it because the power of the nagas, gods, and Brahmas;
It is because the fruit of merits that I do from a small
virtue when I was a Bodhisatta in my birth
as a Brahmana Sankha. Tathagata end his sermon
by reciting the following verse:
Passe ce vipulam sukham
caje mattàsukham dhiro
sampassam vipulam sukham
If you had known with certainty, that the release by
voluntary, although the expense of pleasurable sensations
give a little happiness, could result in
very large such as happiness of Nibbana, a wise
should let go the little happiness to obtain
great gift of Nibbana happiness.
At the end of the sermon, many of the creatures reach